Article Index
1. Botany
2. Chemical Constituents
3. Medicinal Properties & Use
4. Soil & Climate
5. Propagation
6. Planting & Aftercare
7. Pest & Diseases
8. Harvest
All Pages


This is usually propagated by seeds.

A few plants per plot are left without cutting to set seeds. Ripe pods are to be harvested in the early morning to prevent loss of seeds by shattering during harvest.          

Seeds are very small; seed rate is 1-1.2 kg/acre. Seeds are mixed with sand and ground gently to break the seed coat. An alternate method for enhancing germination is dipping the seeds in boiling water for a second.
 Broadcast the seeds preferably mixed with sand 2 or 3 times its volume to ensure uniform coverage.
The seedbeds should be covered with straw and irrigated.
Seeds germinate within a week.
Transplant the seedlings to polybags at 3-4 leaf stage. Two months old polybagged seedlings are used for field planting.