Article Index
RAMACHAM
1. Botany & Varieties
2. Vetiver types
3. Chemical Constituents
4. Medicinal Properties & Use
5. Soil & Climate
6. Propagation
7. Planting & Aftercare
8. Pest & Diseases
9. Harvest & Processing
Vetiver Cultivation in Sandy Tracts
All Pages

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES & uSE

Parts used: Roots.

Use in perfumery
Vetiver oil extracted from the roots is a perfume by itself and is used in high value perfumeries,  cosmetics, soaps, skin care products etc. and for blending with other oils.


Medicinal uses.
 Formulations :
Drakshadikashayam,  Nishakathadati  kashayam, Rasnadichurnam, Rasnadi kashayam

Root is cooling, digestive, immune-modulatory, regulates menstruation and is useful in headache, burning sensations, ulcers, rheumatism and diseases of blood.

Roots are used for making medicated drinking water. It is effective in vomiting, diarrhea etc. and is cooling and refreshing.
It is also used as a water purifier.

It purifies blood, remove body odour and excessive sweating.

The roots form an ingredient in preparations for treatment of respiratory diseases, joint pains, skin diseases and stomach disorders.
 The fumes from the roots is aromatic and has germicidal and insect repelling activity.

Beds made of vetiver root can be used for patients suffering from rheumatism and back pain.

Vetiver oil

Dilute vetiver oil is good for cleaning and dressing infected wounds.

Inhalation of vetiver oil in boiling water is good for curing fever and respiratory diseases.

Massaging with the oil relieves body pain.

Vetiver oil is used in snake bites, cancer and microbial infections. 
Use of  vetiver helps to detoxify the effect of various toxins accumulated in the body.

Hair oil medicated with vetiver roots gives  a cooling effect and prevents hair fall.

Other uses
Roots are often kept along with clothes to repel insects. 

Roots are also used in various religious rituals.

Dry roots are used for making various handicraft items like mats, fans, screens, pillows, baskets, chappals, curtains, incense sticks and sachet bags.

Roots after oil extraction are used as a raw material for making cardboard, paper etc.

Young leaves are used as fodder and also as bedding material for horses and cattle.  Dry leaves are used for thatching purposes and for making brooms. 


Leaves made into pulp are suitable for making straw boards. The above ground portion is used in various ways such as making paper, ropes, mats, hats, baskets, for mulching, as substrate for mushroom culture and for making compost.

As a soil binder
Since the plant has  strong extensive fibrous roots, it is useful in both soil and water conservation. It is one of the best soil binders and is used throughout tropics to check soil erosion by planting along contour.  Non seeding South Indian types are ideal for this.

Grass is widely grown as protective partitions in terraced fields, as a border for roads and gardens, for demarcation of walkways  and in landscaping.

It can effectively check leachate in municipal and industrial waste dumps and reduce silting up of rivers and dams.
  
Phytoremediation
It is also used for purifying contaminated water bodies and for reclaiming marshy lands.

It accumulates cadmium, lead, mercury, arsenic and nickel and tolerates many organic poisons making it suitable for phyto- remediation of heavy metal contaminated soil.
It is one of the best species for re-vegetation of mine tailings containing high levels of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, and Cd) and low levels of major nutrient elements (N, P, and K) and organic matter.