Article Index
LEMONGRASS
1. Medicinal Properties & Use
2. Botany & Varieties
3. Chemical Constituents
4. Types
5. Improved Varieties
6. Soil & Climate
7. Propagation
8. Planting & Aftercare
9. Pest & Diseases
10. Harvest & Processing
11. Distillation
12. Purification & Storage
13. Seed Harvest
All Pages

Botany & Varieties

It has a tufted appearance. C. flexuosus is a tufted robust perennial grass of about 2 m height. Leaves are linear and lanceolate. Leaves are aromatic and have 1-2 cm width and 75 cm length. The surface of the leaves are rough. It flowers freely.

The plant flowers in October –November. Inflorescence is very large and a highly branched terminal drooping panicle bearing paired spikes on tertiary branches.
Spikes bear spikelets in pairs of which one is sessile and other pedicellate. The sessile spikelet is an awned bisexual floret where as the pedicellate is an awnless staminate floret. 
Inflorescence is greenish when tender and becomes pinkish on maturity.
The seeds are very light and are covered with husk. One gram of the seed material, named as ‘fluff’,  contains about 1700 seeds.