Article Index
LEMONGRASS
1. Medicinal Properties & Use
2. Botany & Varieties
3. Chemical Constituents
4. Types
5. Improved Varieties
6. Soil & Climate
7. Propagation
8. Planting & Aftercare
9. Pest & Diseases
10. Harvest & Processing
11. Distillation
12. Purification & Storage
13. Seed Harvest
All Pages

Types of East Indian Lemongrass (C. flexuosus)

Two types are identified in this species based on colour of stem.
a. C. flexuosus var. flexuosus.
Stem and leaf sheath are reddish or purple.
Oil content : 0.3 to 0.5%.
Citral: 80-86%
Oil has good solubility in alcohol and hence is superior in quality.
It is recognized as true lemongrass and is commercially cultivated.

b. C. flexuosus var. albescens is the white grass
Stem and leaf sheath are white in colour
Oil content : 0.4 to 0.7%.
Citral: 55-70%
Oil has poor solubility in alcohol and hence is inferior in quality.
It is normally seen wild.

Red stemmed variety White stemmed variety