Article Index
LEMONGRASS
1. Medicinal Properties & Use
2. Botany & Varieties
3. Chemical Constituents
4. Types
5. Improved Varieties
6. Soil & Climate
7. Propagation
8. Planting & Aftercare
9. Pest & Diseases
10. Harvest & Processing
11. Distillation
12. Purification & Storage
13. Seed Harvest
All Pages

Improved Varieties of East Indian Lemongrass

1. OD- 19 (Sugandhi)

Release centre: AMPRS , Odakkali, KAU, Kerala

Characters : A red stemmed variety with plant height 1 to 1.75 m and profuse tillering.  

Oil content: 0.3 – 0.4%
Oil  yield  :  40 -50 kg/acre  

Citral  :  84 – 86 %

Adaptability : Adapted to a wide range of soil and climatic condition. much suited for rainfed cultivation

2.  Pragathi

Release centre: CIMAP, Lucknow, U.P.

Characters:  Dwarf , broad , erect  and dark green leaves,  high oil &  Citral content
Average Oil  yield : 0.63 %  Citral  :  85-90 %

Adapatability: High  fertile / Irrigated soils;  suitable for north Indian Plains & tarai beltof subtropical and tropical climate

3.  Nima

Release centre: CIMAP, Lucknow, U.P.

Characters:   High yield of bio mass (25-28 Mt/ha) with high oilyield (230-250 kg/ha.) Tall , Citral  type 
Adapatability:  Indian plains

4.  Cauvery

Release centre: CIMAP, Lucknow, U.P.

Characters:   White stemmed selection from OD-19  with an improvement in yield in terms of oil and citral content. Tall, Citral  type   Adapatability:  Requires high soil moisture and is evolved for river valley tracts of  Indian  Plains

5.  Krishna

Release centre: CIMAP sub centre, Bangalore.

Characters:   Medium  tall , high  tiller  and  herb  with  high  oi  yielding Citral type High yield of bio mass (25-28 Mt/ha) with high oil yield (230-250 kg/ha) 

Adapatability:  Indian  Plains

6.   NLG 84

Release centre:  . AINRP  on  M & AP , NDUAT,  Faizabad , Uttar Pradesh. Released  in  1994
Characters:    High  herbage  yield , 100 -110cm  tall , broad  leaves with dark  purple  sheath. It  is a  selection   from  germplasm.   Oil  content    -  0.4  % , Citral  content  -  84  % 
Adapatability:   Uttar Pradesh

Source: NMPB (National Medicinal Plants Board) (2009),  High – Yielding Varieties of some medicinal  and aromatic plants with general guidelines for seed production and certification.  Published  by Alakananda Advertising Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. p. 19-21

Improved accession for high oleoresin yield

OD 410
Name of  centre: AMPRS , Odakkali, KAU, Kerala
Oleoresin content of leaf: 18.6%
Oleoresin yield      : 1050 kg /acre /year
Ideal solvent for extraction: Methanol